Planting spring bulbs

Planting spring bulbs

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In order to see beautiful flowered carpets appear from the first days of spring, planting bulbs is an exercise well known to gardeners. Sow to harvest. To anticipate. Essential principles! The bulb, an underground plant organ, behaves like a nutrient reserve which allows the plant to reform its aerial parts each year. The bulbs remain in the ground and return from year to year. An assured flowering that will satisfy the most lazy!

Which spring bulbs to choose?

The spring bulbs, planted in the fall, flower mostly between mid-March and the beginning of May. Some will bloom at the end of winter (crocuses, hyacinths, snowdrops), others at the end of spring. The choice of bulbs is vast, which is why it will be based on the terrain, the exposure, the height sought and the desired color. A real breeze! The ideal is to choose several varieties of flowers whose flowering periods are staggered, which will give colors to the garden as long as possible. We will play on color harmonies. You can thus compose a massif in pastel colors (pink, salmon, white, green, sky blue…) or in bright colors (golden yellow, red, purple, purple, deep blue…). As for the height of the flowers, it can vary, the smallest measuring 10 cm in height (crocus, snowdrops), the largest measuring up to 1.20 m (like allium). Plant at the bottom of the massif the tallest flowers from 60 cm to more than one meter (decorative garlic, large irises and intermediate irises), while the bulbs of intermediate height, from 35 to 50 cm high (tulips, small irises , Dutch iris, narcissus) will fill the heart of the massif. Finally, in the very foreground, the miniature bulbs, less than 30 cm (anemones, hyacinths, dwarf irises, muscaris) will be perfect. To flower a border that highlights an alley, runs along a hedge, a fence or a construction, we will favor medium to high size flower bulbs (tulip, narcissus, decorative garlic, imperial fritillary, anemone) and miniature bulbs (blanda anemone , muscari, buttercup). In the rock garden, we will opt for low and medium species (botanical crocus, snowdrop, dwarf iris, narcissus, muscari, botanical tulip and single or double early tulip) avoiding overly sophisticated varieties, with large flowers. The shade of an undergrowth will be an ideal location for small botanical species that will illuminate the base of the trees: yellow narcissus, snowdrops, lily of the valley, deep blue squill, hyacinth. The bulbs scattered at random will quickly cover the ground and this without any maintenance ... The dream!

Spring bulbs grown in pots

Many varieties can be grown in pots, tubs or planters. Prefer medium and low species, and miniature bulbs not exceeding 20 to 25 cm high like iris reticulata, anemone blanda, muscari, lily of the valley, crocus, hyacinth, botanical tulip. Potted in the fall, the bulbs will however be sensitive to cold and may not withstand the very basic temperatures of winter nights. It will therefore be necessary to protect the pots (for example with bubble wrap). Plant them in a mixture of 1/3 potting soil, 1/3 sand and 1/3 garden soil. Arrange the bulbs fairly tight but without them touching. A hole in the bottom of the container will allow any excess water to drain out. A bed of gravel at the bottom of the pots can also be effective. We can create associations in planters with bulbs of flowering plants during autumn and winter: ivy, pansies with small flowers, miniature cyclamen… In conclusion, you will understand, spring bulbs find their place everywhere . Little glimpse of the stars of the garden. Hyacinth Flowers in March / April. The hyacinth is available in pink, orange, white, pale blue ... Ideal on the edge with a height of 20 to 25 cm, the hyacinth is undoubtedly one of the prettiest bulb flowers. She likes the sun and the partial shade. Staking slightly frail stems may be necessary. Decorative garlic Mauve, yellow, white, red… the colors are very varied. There are almost 700 species of decorative garlic, enough to allow you to vary the effects! Allium aflatunense, the best known, is recognizable thanks to its very original flowers in a ball and jagged with a beautiful purple violet. Flowering from May to July. To plant in the sun or in partial shade. Easy to grow, decorative garlic is perfect in clumps but also in pots or planters to decorate terraces and balconies. Narcissus Characterized by its beautiful yellow color, the narcissus flowers from February to May depending on the species. To be planted rather in the heart of the massif because of its size (10-50 cm) in the sun or in partial shade. The soil should be well drained and fertile. Easy to grow, daffodils have the particularity of being able to be planted in the fall and then forgotten all winter, to light up the garden from the first fine days. The tulip Flowers from March to May. The tulip offers an incredible variety of colors: pink, salmon, red, white, orange, black, blue. From 20 to 60 cm. To plant in the sun or in partial shade. Tulips adapt well to all soils, although they prefer light and loose soil. With a choice of almost 125 species, it's up to you to find yours! The iris Ideal at the bottom of the massif, the iris can reach 110 cm (large iris) and takes on multiple shades: yellow, purple, orange, blue, pink. All colors except green appear in solid or variegated colors! The iris likes the sun, likes hot situations and well-drained, neutral or very calcareous soils. Remove wilted flowers regularly and cut the foliage after the leaves have dried. Flowers from May to June. Caen's anemone The Caen anemone flowers from April to June and gives very pretty colorful flowers to cut. Remarkable with its colors: red, purple, white, blue. The anemones are readily placed on the edge in the shade or in partial shade in light, sandy soil. Be careful, they fear too harsh winters! The snowdrop The whiteness of the snowdrop lights up the gardens from the end of January until March. To place in partial shade but in a bright place. Small in size, the snowdrop can reach a height of 15 cm. Ideal on lawns to form a flowered carpet, on the edge, in shaded rockery, at the foot of a hedge of shrubs. Armenian muscari Muscari is a pretty rustic bulbous plant, offering blue flowers gathered in clusters in spring. Widely used in borders. Undemanding, he fears only excess humidity. It will be planted in the sun or in partial shade for flowering in April / May. The Siberian squill Appreciable for its rusticity, it flowers from February to April in the sun or in partial shade. It gives blue flowers of 10-15 cm. We will use it in rock garden, in clear undergrowth and in border. Cultivation is also easy in pots and planters for indoors. Crocus With the snowdrop, the crocus is the flower of winter, ideal for rock gardens, clumps, borders but also in the undergrowth, at the foot of large trees or scattered on a lawn. The crocus reaches 8 to 15 cm in height and offers a wide range of colors: lilac blue, mauve, pure yellow and white. The cut flower blooms from late January to April for spring flowering species. To place in a sunny, clear place or in partial shade.

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