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How can we sow?
Seeds can be sown in different ways: in place, in the nursery or under a frame. The sowing in place is done in the ground, at the final location of the plants. They avoid transplanting operations, but require a "thinning out" of the plans as they are developed. That is to say, to uproot some plants in order to give others enough space to ensure good growth. Seedlings in the nursery relate more particularly to delicate or fine-seeded species which must be sown early in the year, or which will be transplanted later in the ground or in planters on the balcony. Seedlings under chassis are reserved for garden owners. They make it possible to obtain vegetable plants early in the year such as tomatoes, salads, cabbage, which are systematically used for transplanting.
How do we sow in place?
It is sown in three ways: - on the fly, the seeds are distributed regularly over the entire surface of the soil. Simple, this gesture must be regular and the sowing not too dense to avoid seeing the plants grow "in clumps". - in rows: the seeds are sown in parallel furrows, traced with a hoe. Depending on the species, the row spacing and the sowing rate vary. This sowing method facilitates hoeing, thinning and weeding. - sowing known as "in pockets" consists of grouping seeds by 2, 3, 4, or even more in small packages aligned on the same planting line. After emergence, only one or two plants are kept per pocket. This sowing method is reserved for beans, peas, and as a general rule for all vegetable or decorative species of farinaceous with large seeds.
How to prepare a seedbed?
Soil preparation is essential for the success of your sowing. The part that is cultivated is given the name "plank". Spade the plot to be sown over a width of 1 m to make maintenance easier (weeding, watering, etc.) or leave a 30 to 40 cm aisle between each plank to allow this work. Incorporate into the soil when digging a slow-acting fertilizer for sowing in place. Or compost or brown peat if the soil is too compact, and blonde peat in too sandy soil. Scratch the soil deeply to break up the lumps. Roll the loose soil to give it a certain consistency, which facilitates the growth of certain legumes such as lamb's lettuce which likes to have a firm base. Rake by holding your rake vertically, like a broom. All you have to do is draw your furrows and sow.
How to plant in the nursery?
There are several methods of sowing in the nursery: in terrines, boxes or pots that you will keep in an outdoor greenhouse, or in a veranda. Fill the container with light soil, either with a mixture of garden soil and compost, or with "special sowing" soil sold in a bag, 2/3 of it. Even out the surface on which you will sow on the fly regularly and relatively spaced. Cover the seeds with a layer of fine earth. Pack lightly and water in fine rain with a watering can with an apple. Cover the pan with a glass or plexiglass until it rises. Then regularly water the plans and keep them warm until the transplanting period.
How to sow under chassis?
If you have a garden, sowing can be done under a frame. In garden centers, you will find ready-to-bury chassis models sold as a kit. Install the latter so that its face is "full south" so that the first rays of sun of the year create a greenhouse effect. Then make a base layer with a thick bed of fresh manure on a third. The organic matter, by decomposing, will serve to "heat" the frame and promote the early germination of vegetables. Add a third of a mixture of fine soil and compost or potting soil, or soil for sowing. Sow as before, water and cover carefully. Avoid opening the chassis until the plans are lifted. Then water sparingly according to the needs of the plants and keep the lid tightly closed, except in the case of sunny days when it is better to ajar it to avoid "cooking" your plantations.
How to save time on germination?
Mix a sachet of seeds with two liters of Brown Gold amendment and five liters of sand or blond peat, or even potting soil for sowing. Spread this mixture for 1/2 cm thick, tamp and water. Germination is faster and emergence more regular.
How deep should we plant the seedlings?
Whatever the type of sowing, it is important to pay attention to the depth of the latter. The seed should not be buried more than three to four times its own size.