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Water and electricity have never gotten along. This is well known evidence. When doing electrical work in your bathroom, if it is better to hire a professional, you may want to do it alone. You will then have to seriously consider respecting basic safety rules. Find more articles on the theme: Electricity work quotes
Electrical safety as close as possible to your water points
It seems obvious that you are not going to put neither electrical devices, nor outlet, in your bathtub or your shower, which represent the volume 0 of safety of the bathroom. You will, however, have the option of opting for a cabin with integrated spotlights, whose equipment has been prepared in the factory. Volume 1 is located up to 2.25 meters above these water points, it is then possible to install your lights and switches, and this, provided that they are in very low safety voltage , namely 12 V, and also certified in NF and IPX 4 minimum (protected against splashing water).
Electrical protection in intermediate volumes
This bathroom safety volume 2 is located 3 meters in height, above the bottom of the bath or shower and 0.6 meters on the periphery of these installations. All electricity placed in this area, whether it is an auxiliary electric heater or light fixtures, must be in French standards and have a level of protection against rain IPX 3. These devices, placed in this volume, must be class II (i.e. reinforced insulation, containing no metal parts and without earthing). As for the sockets, you can only choose those called "razors" since they are equipped with a separation transformer.
Electrical safety in the rest of your bathroom
Finally, all your electrical devices and materials classified in class I (such as your washing machine and hair dryer), your 2P + T type sockets and your connection boxes, must imperatively be branded NF and be equipped with the protection system against vertical drops of water drops, an IPX 1 qualification. These installations can then be placed in volume area 3, namely the entire area of your bathroom which is located at a distance greater than 60 centimeters from volume 0, which has been defined above. To conclude, don't forget that your bathroom electrical circuits will have to be connected to a 30 milliamp differential, whose sensitivity will be your insurance.